Bhagat Singh was born in September 27, 1907 in the village
Banga of Layalpur to Mata Vidyavati and Sardar Kishan Singh.
Bhagat Singh grew up in a patriotic atmosphere as his father
and uncle, were great freedom fighters and were put in jail
many times by the British.
Bhagat Singh grew up at a time when the Freedom struggle
was all around him. Since his young age he wondered why
so many Indians could not get freedom from a few British
invaders, he dreamed of a free India. The massacre at Jallianwala
Bagh on April 13, 1919 drove him to go to Amritsar, where
he kissed the earth and brought back home a little of the
blood soaked soil, he was just 12 years old then. Kartar
Sing Sarabha, hanged at the age of 19 by the British was
Bhagat Singh's hero.
Bhagat Singh, along with the help of Chandrashekhar Azad,
formed the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA). The
aim of this Indian revolutionary movement was defined as
not only to make India independent, but also to create "a
In February 1928, a committee from England visited India.
It came to be known as the Simon Commission. The purpose
of its visit was to decide how much freedom and responsibility
could be given to the people of India. Indian freedom fighters
started an agitation called "Simon go back". It was in this
agitation that during a police lathicharge, Lala Lajpat
Rai was hurt and died. To avenge the death of Lala Lajpat
rai, Bhagat Singh and Rajguru shot and killed the British
Officer who had hit Lala Lajpat Rai.
In April 1929, the Central Legislative Assembly met in Delhi.
The British Government wanted to place before the Assembly
two bills which were likely to harm the country's interests.
Even if the Assembly rejected them, the Viceroy could use
his special powers and approve them, and they would become
laws. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt planned to throw
a bomb in the Legislative Assembly and, get arrested. On
8th of April 1929 this is what they exactly did. The idea
of the attack was not to kill anyone but to create awareness
about India's freedom struggle. They were arrested after
In their trial Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt stated,
"If the deaf are to hear, the sound has to be very loud.
When we dropped the bomb, it was not our intention to kill
anybody. We have bombed the British Government. The British
must quit India and make her free."