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Tips to Build a Healthy Body at Home

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Posted on : 26/May/2020 18:05:05



 
 
 
While its been almost more than a month of lethargic days of lockdown in India. Staying at home all day with lack of physical activity and exercise, too much of snacking, and enjoying a variety of special dishes cooked at home. Finally unwinding the day watching TV late at night.

So, time is up to get back to normal routine burning some calories consumed, shaping up the body making it fit and healthy. Exercising regularly is important to prevent body stiffness, back pain, and neck pain. So, taking out 30 min of time for exercise is as important as healthy eating.

There are exercises that can be done at home to tone the muscles, burn some calories, and reduce weight. The exercise can be split into four major categories:
  • Warm-up: A simple stretching exercise will do. Stretching is important to prevent cramping, muscle aches, and muscle pain. Stretching reduces the possibility of muscle soreness.
  • Cardio: walking or running around the house or on the terrace, rope jumping, stand jogging, straits up and down.
  • Resistance training: these can be divided into 
  • Squats and lunches: these are the exercise which can be done to tone the legs (front and back muscles)
  • Crunches, abs, and planks: these exercises are done for the midsection to tone the abdominal muscles.
  • Push-ups: This is complete upper body exercise for muscle building of chest, shoulder, triceps.
  • Finally, if one is interested, they can do triceps for back arms keeping a chair or sofa support 
  • Cooling down or flexible exercise: like warmup stretching at the end of the workout is important to cool down the muscles and to avoid body pain. Where in yoga (Surya namaskar) can also be included?

So, what are the changes to be done in eating habits: 
  • Start restricting the carbohydrates which are adding on empty calories. Avoid simple sugar, maida, corn-starch, polished rice, sweets, alcohol, etc.
  • Include carbs like banana, sweet potato before work out to give instant energy and induce good sources of carbs like avocado, corns, paneer, yogurt, dates, raisins, oats, etc
  • Gradually start increasing the protein intake in each meal. And some studies have shown that for more than 15 hours if a person doesnt consume enough protein body starts losing muscles.
  • Include egg whites, chicken (in the form of steamed, boiled, grilled or soups), lentils and dal, nuts (almond and walnuts), milk and milk products (paneer and a slice of cheese occasionally) 
  • Take only a sufficient amount of fat - include good sources of fat like fish, nuts (almond and walnut) oilseeds (pumpkin seeds, flax seeds, and chia seeds)
  • Salad and vegetables: include as much and vegetables possible in the diet both in raw and cooked form. Try avoiding starchy vegetables on a regular basis.
  • Fruits: Fruits are rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, and water content. Try and include antioxidants and seasonal fruits. 
  • Hydration: drinking a sufficient amount of liquids includes water, buttermilk, soups, tender coconut water, lemonadede freshly prepared, cucumber mint juice, infused water (cucumber, mint, lemon) 
  • Salt: Lot of people tend to avoid salt during workout thinking that the body starts retaining water. But while doing workout we tend to lose salt through sweat. So the minimum amount of salt 6 gm should be included to avoid cramp, tiredness, and electrolyte balance.
  • Fiber is one of the major foods which needs to be included to reduce the bad fats and helps loose weight. Try and include fiber-rich cereals, pulses, vegetables, and fruits which will add bulk to the diet and keeps you full for longer too.
A healthy lifestyle keeps your body fit.

Basic meal plan where one can follow with a good workout. 

SUNRISE: 6:00 am start your day with warm water 1 glass  + 4 almond (presoaked and de-skinned) and 10 raisins 6:30 am A banana before work out for instant energy .

Work out from 7 am to 8 am

BREAKFAST: 8:30 am - Egg whites 2 number (In any form boiled, omelet, scrambled, poached) - with any home-cooked high protein breakfast like Pesaratu or moong ka chilla Dosa or Dhokla Or Porridge (Oats / Dalia) 1cup, With a glass of smoothie or milkshake-like Avocado, Banana, muskmelon, mango no added sugar.

MIDMORNING: 11:00-11:30 am Buttermilk / Vegetable juice (Cucumber mint) / tender coconut water/ lemonade freshly prepared + 2 walnuts.

LUNCH: 1:00 - 1:30 pm Chapathi 2 medium, Or Broken wheat (Dahlia) 1cup Or Millet Rice 1cup (Kichidi / Pulao / Besibela bath) With dal 1cup (whole dal/soyabean/rajma/chole/soya-paneer)/ vegetables 2 cup (one green leafy vegetable), salad cup, curds cup

MID AFTERNOON: 3:00 - 3:30 pm - To avoid sweet tooth post-lunch, include - Cut Fruit- 100gm / A glass of smoothie or milkshake-like Avocado, Banana, muskmelon, mango no added sugar.

SUNSET: 5:30-6:30 pm Vegetable Soup 1 cup / Boiled Sprouts cup / Boiled egg white 2 in no./ Chicken soup 

DINNER: 8:00-8:30 pm Chapathi Or Multigrain (wheat, ragi,jowar,Millets) dosa 2 medium+ Dhal   cup + Vegetable 1 cup + Salad   cup. Or Porridge (Oats / Dalia) 1cup Or Soups 1 cup

- Pavithra N Raj, Chief Dietician, Columbia Asia Referral Hospital Yeshwanthpur
 
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